AskDefine | Define gullet

Dictionary Definition

gullet n : the passage between the pharynx and the stomach [syn: esophagus, oesophagus, gorge]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. The throat or esophagus

Synonyms

Translations

See also

Norwegian

Noun

gullet
  1. Definite singular of gull

Extensive Definition

The esophagus or oesophagus (see American and British English spelling differences), sometimes known as the gullet, is an organ in vertebrates which consists of a muscular tube through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach. In humans the esophagus is continuous with the laryngeal part of the pharynx at the level of the C6 vertebra. It is usually 25-30 cm long which connects the mouth to the stomach. It is divided into cervical, thoracic, and abdominal parts.

Functions of the esophagus

Food is passed through the esophagus by using the process of peristalsis. Specifically, it connects the pharynx, which is the body cavity that is common to the digestive factory and respiratory system with the stomach, where the second stage of digestion is initiated.
The esophagus is lined with mucous membrane, and is more deeply lined with muscle that acts with peristaltic action to move swallowed food down to the stomach.

Histology

The layers of the esophagus are as follows:

Gastroesophageal junction

The junction between the esophagus and the stomach (the gastroesophageal junction or GE junction) is not actually considered a valve, although it is sometimes called the cardiac sphincter, cardia or cardias, but is actually more of a stricture.

Additional images

Image:Esophagus_path.jpg|H&E stain of biopsy of normal esophagus showing the stratified squamous cell epithelium Image:Illu esophageal layers.jpg |Layers of the esophagus. Image:Mid_esophageal_mass.jpg|Mid-esophageal mass Image:Illu stomach2.jpg|Stomach Image:Digestive system showing bile duct.png|Accessory digestive system. Image:Illu dige tract.jpg|Organs of the digestive tract. Image:Gray1032.png |The position and relation of the esophagus in the cervical region and in the posterior mediastinum. Seen from behind. | Image:Gastro-esophageal jxn.JPG|Microscopic shot of a cross section of human gastro-esophageal junction wall.

References

External links

gullet in Arabic: مريء
gullet in Aymara: Mallq'a
gullet in Bosnian: Jednjak
gullet in Bulgarian: Хранопровод
gullet in Catalan: Esòfag
gullet in Czech: Jícen
gullet in Danish: Spiserør
gullet in German: Speiseröhre
gullet in Dhivehi: ކާތަކެތި ހިގާ ހޮޅި
gullet in Estonian: Söögitoru
gullet in Modern Greek (1453-): Οισοφάγος
gullet in Spanish: Esófago
gullet in Esperanto: Ezofago
gullet in Basque: Hestegorri
gullet in French: Œsophage
gullet in Korean: 식도
gullet in Croatian: Jednjak
gullet in Indonesian: Esofagus
gullet in Icelandic: Vélinda
gullet in Italian: Esofago
gullet in Hebrew: ושט
gullet in Javanese: Kerongkongan
gullet in Kurdish: Sorîçik
gullet in Latin: Oesophagus
gullet in Lithuanian: Stemplė
gullet in Macedonian: Хранопровод
gullet in Dutch: Slokdarm
gullet in Japanese: 食道
gullet in Norwegian: Spiserøret
gullet in Polish: Przełyk
gullet in Portuguese: Esófago
gullet in Romanian: Esofag
gullet in Russian: Пищевод человека
gullet in Albanian: Ezofagu
gullet in Sicilian: Cannarozzu
gullet in Simple English: Oesophagus
gullet in Slovak: Pažerák
gullet in Slovenian: Požiralnik
gullet in Serbian: Једњак
gullet in Serbo-Croatian: Jednjak
gullet in Finnish: Ruokatorvi
gullet in Swedish: Matstrupe
gullet in Telugu: అన్నవాహిక
gullet in Thai: หลอดอาหาร
gullet in Turkish: Yemek borusu
gullet in Ukrainian: Стравохід
gullet in Yiddish: וושט
gullet in Chinese: 食道

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abdomen, abomasum, bay window, beerbelly, belly, breadbasket, craw, crop, diaphragm, embonpoint, esophagus, fauces, first stomach, gizzard, goozle, gorge, gut, guzzle, hals, honeycomb stomach, kishkes, manyplies, maw, midriff, omasum, paunch, pharynx, pot, potbelly, potgut, psalterium, pusgut, rennet bag, reticulum, rumen, second stomach, spare tire, stomach, swagbelly, third stomach, throat, tum-tum, tummy, underbelly, ventripotence, weasand, wizen
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